Neuropsichiatria

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PANDAS: una nuova entità clinica

Francesca Di Marcello, Alberto Verrotti

Clinica Pediatrica e Pronto Soccorso Pediatrico,
Ospedale San Salvatore,
Università de L’Aquila

BIBILIOGRAFIA

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  2. Swedo SE, Leckman JF, Rose NR: From research subgroup to clinical syndrome: Modifying the PANDAS criteria to describe PANS (Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome). Pediatr Therapeut 2:113, 2012.
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  5. Kilbertus S, Brannan R, Sell E, Doja A: No cases of PANDAS on follow-up of patients referred to a pediatric movement disorder clinic. Front Pediatr 2: Article 104, 2014.
  6. Singer HS, Giuliano JD, Zimmerman AM, Walkup JT: Infection: A stimulus for tic disorders. Pediatr Neurol 22:380-383, 2000.
  7. Geller DA, Biederman J, Jones J, Shapiro S, Schwarts S, Park KS: Obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents: A review. Harv Rev Psychiatry 5:260-273, 1998.
  8. Williams KA, Swedo SE: Post-infectious autoimmune disorders: Sydenham’s chorea, PANDAS and beyond. Brain Res 1617:144– 154, 2015.
  9. Kirvan CA, Cox CJ, Swedo SE, Cunningham MW: Tubulin is a neuronal target of autoantibodies in Sydenham’s chorea. J Immunol 178:7412–7421, 2007.
  10. Cox CJ, Sharma M, Leckman JF, Zuccolo J, Zuccolo A, Kovoor A, Swedo SE, Cunningham MW: Brain human monoclonal autoantibody from Sydenham chorea targets dopaminergic neurons in transgenic mice and signals dopamine D2 receptor: Implications in human disease. J Immunol 191:5524–5541, 2013.
  11. Masi G, Cioni G, Rubino A, Principi N: I disturbi della vita mentale. Pediatria generale e specialistica. 31: 1194- 1198, 2017.
  12. Kirvan CA, Swedo SE, Heuser JS, Cunningham MW: Mimicry and autoantibody-mediated neuronal cell signaling in Sydenham chorea. Nat Med 9:914–920, 2003.
  13. Cox CJ, Zuccolo AJ, Edwards EV, Mascaro-Blanco A, Alvarez K, Stoner J, Chang K, Cunningham MW: Antineuronal antibodies in a heterogeneous group of youth and young adults with tics and obsessive-compulsive disorder. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 25:76–85, 2015.
  14. Brimberg L, Benhar I, Mascaro-Blanco A, Alvarez K, Lotan D, Winter C, Klein J, Moses AE, Somnier FE, Leckman JF, Swedo SE, Cunningham MW, Joel D: Behavioral, pharmacological, and immunological abnormalities after streptococcal exposure: A novel rat model of Sydenham chorea and related neuropsychiatric disorders. Neuropsychopharmacology 37:2076–2087, 2012.
  15. Giedd JN, Rapoport JL, Garvey MA, Perlmutter S, Swedo SE: MRI assessment of children with obsessive-compulsive disorder or tics associated with streptococcal infection. Am J Psychiatry 157:281– 283, 2000.
  16. Kumar A, Williams MT, Chugani HT: Evaluation of basal ganglia and thalamic inflammation in children with pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infection and Tourette syndrome: A positron emission tomographic (PET) study using 11C-[R]-PK11195. J Child Neurol 30:749–756, 2015.
  17. Chang K, Frankovich J, Cooperstock M, Cunningham MW, Latimer ME, Murphy TK, Pasternack M, Thienemann M, Williams K, Walter J, Swedo SE: Clinical Evaluation of Youth with Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS): Recommendations from the 2013 PANS Consensus Conference. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 25: 3-13, 2015.
  18. Orefici G, Cardona F, Cox CJ, Cunningham MW: Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS). In Streptococcus pyogenes: Basic Biology to Clinical Manifestations [Internet]. University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 2016.
  19. Chang K, Frankovich J, Cooperstock M, Cunningham MW, Latimer ME, Murphy TK, Pasternack M, Thienemann M, Williams K, Walter J, Swedo SE: Clinical Evaluation of Youth with Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS): Recommendations from the 2013 PANS Consensus Conference. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 25: 3-13, 2015.
  20. Garvey MA, Perlmutter SJ, Allen AJ, Hamburger S, Lougee L, Leonard HL, Witowski ME, Swedo SE. A pilot study of penicillin prophylaxis for neuropsychiatric exacerbations triggered by streptococcal infections; Biological Psychiatry, 45(12): 1564-1571, 1999.
  21. Snider LA, Lougee L, Slattery M, Grant P, Swedo SE. Antibiotic prophylaxis with azithromycin or penicillin for childhood-onset neuropsychiatric disorders. Biol Psychiatry. 57:788–792, 2005.
  22. Cooperstock MS, Swedo SE, Pasternack MS, Murphy TK: Clinical management of pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome: Part III Treatment and prevention of infections. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol, 2017.
  23. Gewitz MH, Baltimore RS, Tani LY, Sable CA, Shulman ST, Carapetis J, Remenyi B, Taubert KA, Bolger AF, Beerman L, Mayosi BM, Beaton A, Pandian NG, Kaplan EL, and behalf of the American Heart Association Committee on Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young. Revision of the Jones Criteria for the Diagnosis of Acute Rheumatic Fever in the Era of Doppler Echocardiography. 131, 2015.
  24. Murphy TK, Lewin AB, Parker-Athill EC, Storch EA, Mutch JP. Tonsillectomies and adenoidectomies do not prevent the onset of pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with group A streptococcus. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 32:834–838,2013.
  25. Pavone P, Rapisarda V, Serra A, Nicita F, Spalice A, Parano E, Cocuzza S. Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatry Disorder Associated with Group a Streptococcal Infection: The Role of Surgical Treatment. International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology, 27(3): 371–378, 2014.
  26. Dean SL, Singer HS. Treatment of Sydenham’s Chorea: A Review of the Current Evidence. Tremor Other Hyperkinet Mov (N Y). 7:456, 2017.
  27. Perlmutter SJ, Leitman SF, Garvey MA, Hamburger S, Feldman E, Leonard HL, Swedo SE: Therapeutic plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin for obsessive-compulsive disorder and tic disorders in childhood. Lancet 354:1153–1158, 1999.
  28. Pavone P, Falsaperla R, Nicita F, Zecchini A, Battaglia C, Spalice A, Iozzi L, Parano E, Vitaliti G, Verrotti A, Belcastro V, Cho SY, Jin DK, Savasta S. Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcal Infection (PANDAS): Clinical Manifestations, IVIG Treatment Outcomes, Results from a Cohort of Italian Patients, Neuropsychiatry. 8, 2018.
  29. Williams KA, Swedo SE, Farmer CA, Grantz H, Grant PJ, D’Souza P, Hommer R, Katsovich L, King RA, Leckman JF: Randomized, controlled trial of intravenous immunoglobulin for pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 55:860–867, 2016.
  30. Murphy TK, Storch EA, Strawser MS: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor-induced behavioral activation in the PANDAS subtype. Primary Psychiatry 13:87, 2006.
  31. Thienemann M, Murphy T, Leckman J, Shaw R, Williams K, Kapphahn C, Frankovich J, Geller D, Bernstein G, Chang K, Elia J, Swedo SE: Clinical Management of Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome: Part 1- Psychiatric and Behavioral Interventions. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 27 (7), 2017.

 

 

 

 

 

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