Divezzamento e allergia alimentare

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Conclusioni

L’epoca di introduzione, la sequenza e il tipo di alimenti da assumere durante lo svezzamento seguono, oggi, schemi e raccomandazioni molto meno rigide rispetto al passato. Le evidenze attuali suggeriscono di non ritardare oltre il 6° mese l’introduzione di alimentazione complementare. Posticipare l’assunzione di arachidi, pesce o uovo non previene, e potrebbe perfino aumentare, il rischio di sviluppare l’allergia alimentare. Quale sia il reale ruolo protettivo della contemporanea presenza di latte materno o di componenti dietetiche specifiche quali i grassi polinsaturi è ancora oggetto di ricerca. Lo svezzamento può rappresentare, in alcuni casi, l’epoca di insorgenza della FPIES, mentre la ritardata assunzione di glutine non costituisce un fattore protettivo per l indirizzo per la corrispondenza: o sviluppo di celiachia.

 

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